A scientist is a person working in an organized way to learn how the world works. The world has more than 2 million scientists, working in different areas to solve the mysteries of the universe. In this list, I am going to talk about the most important scientists who have affected your life the most.
Sir Isaac Newton
Everyone knows Isaac Newton for his studies on gravity, but he did much more than just studies on gravity. He was a polymath who did scientific experiments in various subjects including mathematics, optics, physics, and astronomy. His most famous discoveries include the foundation for classical mechanics, explaining the law of gravity and the laws of motion.
Pasteur contributed greatly towards the advancement of medical sciences developing cures for rabies, anthrax and other infectious diseases. He also invented the process of pasteurisation to make milk safer to drink. He probably saved more lives than any other person.
Creating one of the first modern telescopes, Galileo revolutionised our understanding of the world, successfully proving the Earth revolves around the Sun and not the other way around. His work Two New Sciences laid the groundwork for the science of kinetics and strength of materials.
Polish physicist and chemist. She discovered radiation and helped to apply it in the field of X-ray. She won the Nobel Prize in both Chemistry and Physics.
He revolutionised modern physics with his general theory of relativity. He won the Nobel Prize in Physics (1921) for his discovery of the Photoelectric effect, which formed the basis of Quantum Theory.
Darwin developed his theory of evolution. He collected evidence over 20 years and published his conclusions in On the Origin of Species in 1859.