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A Simple Guide to Law

Submitted by solomon on Thu, 08/09/2018 - 07:40
Pic: Pexels Creative Commons / CQF-Avocat

Law – 'the system of rules which a particular country or community recognises as regulating the action of its members and which it may enforce by the imposition of a series of penalties.'

How many fields are there in law?

Most professional law programmes focus on the core legal projects during the first year. The general overview of law and society includes an introduction to the legal system. The fields of law are Criminal Law, Property Law, Intellectual Property Law, Commercial Law, Environmental Law, Family Law. Employment Law, Health Care Law. These are some of the most popular fields in law and they take roughly four to five years to accomplish.

What are the different types of crimes?

Crimes are committed every hour. In fact, 594 people are murdered in the United Kingdom every year. This is called homicide and there are many different types of fields that go into homicide: capital murder (typically in the USA) – Life without parole in jail, first-degree murder – 14 to life with parole in jail, second-degree murder – 9 to 14 years in jail, third-degree murder – 5 to 8 years in jail, attempted murder – 6 to 8 years in jail, manslaughter – 8 to 12 years in jail.

There are also many other crimes, such as embezzlement, human trafficking, drug trafficking, possession of an unlicensed weapon, assault, aggravated assault, battery, aggravated battery, false imprisonment, kidnapping, forgery, rape, sexual assault, driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs. There are many more horrific crimes but these are only a few. As a prosecutor or a barrister, it is important to know how to defend or prosecute the offenders and to know these crimes and their consequences

What happens in a courtroom?

The Courtroom is where fate is decided. Your knowledge of the law is tested and put on the brink. In a courtroom, there is the Judge, who sits on a raised platform called the bench. There’s the Jury, who sit in the Jury Box beside the Judge. There’s the Prosecutor, who is trying to convince the courtroom that the offender is guilty. Then there is the offender’s public or private defence attorney. Then, there is the offender, who stands by the lawyer. There is also a witness box for witnesses to give their statement. Finally, there is the public, who sit at the very back of the courtroom.

Is this it?

This is all you need to know to become a lawyer, for now. Obviously, it is much more complex once you get into university and you have to study civil procedure and have to study torts, take your bar exams, and find your own job in a small office. However, this is simply a small guide to law to set you on your path and push you away into the wonderful world of law.

By Raneen